A.E. Pushkareva , I.V. Ponomarev , S.B. Topchiy
The relevance of laser treatment of skin vessel lesions was proved demonstratively to be dependent on the appropriate choice of settings of laser systems. Up now there was clearly accepted the algorithm for the determination of both most relevant and safe modes of laser treatment considering features of the vessel angioarchitectonics of the dysplastic vessel to be targeted with laser irradiation. The relevance of different most used laser systems as pulsed dye laser ( PDL), copper vapor laser (CVL), diode laser and Nd:YAG laser was compared, and the limits of phototherapeutic ranges for each laser system were determined by means of numerical simulation of selective skin vessel heating for various combinations of vessel diameters and the distance of the targeted vessel from the skin surface. The fluences band for selective vessel heating with different laser systems appeared to amount to 6-17, 7 J/cm2 for the CVL, 2-6 J/cm2 for the PDL, 40-100 J/cm2 for the diode laser and 80-170 J/cm2 for the Nd: YAG laser. When using the fluence values exceeding this limit, photodestruction becomes nonselective.
Keywords: Copper vapor laser, pulsed dye laser, skin vascular lesions, vessel heating
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|Department of Quantum Radiophysics, P.N. Lebedev Physics Institute, 53, Leninsky Prospect, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation
Dr. I.V. Ponomarev is currently working at the Department of Quantum Radiophysics, P.N. Lebedev Physics Institute, 53, Leninsky Prospect, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation
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